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Cultivation of Sorghum or Jowar -for All Agriculture Exams IBPS ADO, RAEO, JRF, SRF & CUET Target Exam

This exam facts are from famous book: Handbook of Agriculture published by I C A R

Importances of Sorghum

  • Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is popularly called jowar.
  • Sorghum is one of the most important food and fodder crops in India.
  • Sorghum occupies third place in area and production.
  • Botanical name of Sorghum is Sorghum bicolor
  • Sorghum is commonly called as Great millet and Camel crop (This is asked in IBPS Agriculture Field Officer Exam 2017)
  • Cultivated species of SorghumareS halepense, S miliaceum and  S propinquum.
  • Races of Sorghum bicolor are bicolor, kafir, caudatum, durra, guinea. (This is asked in M P Agriculture Development Officer Exam 2020)
  • Sorghum is grown mainly in Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. (This is asked in Rajasthan Agriculture Officer Exam 2018)

Sorghum poisoning

  • Leaves of Sorghum contains prussic acid or Hydrocyanic acid (HCN) (This is asked in B H U PRE P G 2019)
  • Produced due to degradation of a cyanide ion (Cyanogenic glycosides called 'dhurrin’) by enzyme (This is asked in ICAR S R F 2022)
  • Sorghum forage poisoning is caused by prussic acid or Hydrocyanic acid (HCN)
  • HCN content above 200 ppm in sorghum leaves results in animal toxicity.(This is asked in ICAR J R F 2020)
  • After flowering/heading reduced to safe level for feeding.


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