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CG ADA Exam 2023 - Details, Exam Pattern, Syllabus

About CG Assistant Director of Agriculture Exam

  • CG ADA Exam is an examination conducted by the Chhattisgarh Public Service Commission (CGPSC) for the recruitment of Assistant Director of Agriculture in the state. 

CG ADA Exam Pattern

  • The exam pattern consists of a written test and an interview. 
  • The written test has two papers: 
  • Paper I (General Studies) 
  • Paper II (Agriculture). 
  • Each paper has 150 questions for 300 marks and the duration is 2 hours and 30 minutes.

CG ADA Syllabus in English

Part-1 General Knowledge of Chhattisgarh:

  1. History of Chhattisgarh and contributions of Chhattisgarh in the freedom struggle.
  2. Geography, water, mineral resources, climate, and physical conditions.
  3. Literature, music, dance, art, and culture of Chhattisgarh.
  4. Tribals, dialects, teej, and festivals of Chhattisgarh.
  5. Economy, forest, and agriculture of Chhattisgarh.
  6. Administrative structure of Chhattisgarh, local government, and Panchayati Raj.
  7. Human Resources and energy resources in Chhattisgarh.
  8. Education, health, and contemporary events in Chhattisgarh.


1. Principles of Crop Production & Management:

  1. Agro-ecological zones of India & their relation to crop growth.
  2. Principles of Crop production.
  3. Concept of soil-plant-water relations, yield, and environmental stress.
  4. Cropping Systems & its importance.
  5. Integrated farming system, organic farming, resource conservation technology.
  6. Tillage, dry/rainfed farming.
  7. Soil fertility & productivity.
  8. Essential plant nutrients, their role & management.
  9. Soil-water relationship, soil & water management.
  10. Weed biology and ecology, crop-weed competition, principles and methods of integrated weed control.
  11. Crop Diversification: Concept, importance, and applications.
  12. Crop Residue Management.

2. Agronomy of major crops:

  1. Classification, improved varieties, adoptability, climate, soil, water, and cultural requirements.
  2. Nutrient, quality components, handling, and processing of the produce for maximum production of Cereals, Pulses, Oilseeds, Fiber crops, Sugar crops, Fodder & Forage crops, and important Cash crops.

3. Agrostology and Agroforestry:

  1. Principles of grassland and pasture management.
  2. Importance of Agro-forestry.
  3. Agro-forestry systems - Agri silviculture, silvipasture, agrisilvipasture, agrihorticulture, aqua-silviculture, alley cropping, and energy plantation.
  4. Crop production technology in Agro-forestry and Agrostology systems.
  5. Wasteland development.

4. Production and Management of Horticultural Crops:

  1. Classification, improved varieties, adoptability, climate, soil, water, and cultural requirements.
  2. Nutrient, quality components, handling, and processing of the produce for maximum production of Fruits, Vegetables, Tubers, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Flowers, Condiments, and Spices.
  3. Protected cultivation.
  4. Preservation of fruits & vegetables.

5. Crop Protection:

  1. General biology, habits, and habitats of economically important insects.
  2. Insect morphology.
  3. Biological control of crop pests and weeds.
  4. Integrated Pest Management.
  5. Insect vectors of plant viruses.
  6. Pest control equipment & insecticides.
  7. Prediction/forecasting of pest attack.
  8. Pest and disease surveillance.
  9. Basic concepts of Mycology, Plant Virology, Plant Bacteriology.
  10. Biotic and abiotic causes of plant diseases.
  11. Plant disease management by cultural, physical, biological, chemical, organic amendment, and botanical methods.
  12. Integrated Control Measures of Plant Diseases.
  13. Plant Quarantine: Concept & Importance.
  14. Pests & Diseases of Agronomical and Horticultural crops and their management.
  15. Economically beneficial insects, Fungi, bacteria, and viruses.

6. Crop Improvement:

  1. Principles of genetics and Cytogenetics.
  2. Breeding methods for self and cross-pollinated crops.
  3. Self-incompatibility & male sterility and their commercial exploitation.
  4. Heterosis breeding.
  5. Biotechnology for crop improvement.
  6. Major achievements in crop development in reference to yield and resistance.

7. Agriculture Mechanization, Food Processing, Post-Harvest Management, and Value Addition:

  1. Tillage, Sowing, Intercultural & Harvesting implements for Agricultural/Horticultural Crops.
  2. Implements for conservation farming.
  3. Processing and Post-harvest machinery.
  4. Storage structures for agricultural/horticultural produce.

8. Agricultural Extension:

  1. Principles of Agriculture Extension.
  2. Pioneering extension efforts and their implications in Indian agriculture.
  3. Poverty alleviation and employment generation programs.
  4. Tools of Agriculture Extension.
  5. Participatory methods for technology development and transfer.
  6. Market-led extension management.
  7. Application of Communication & Information Technology in Agricultural Extension.

9. Agricultural Economics:

  1. Agricultural Production Economics and Production Processes.
  2. Concepts in agricultural marketing.
  3. Characteristics of agricultural products and problems in agriculture marketing.
  4. Marketing Cooperatives, Regulated Markets, Direct Marketing, Contract Farming, and Retailing Supply Chain Management.
  5. Role and importance of agricultural finance.
  6. Agricultural lending - direct and indirect financing.
  7. Financing institutes.

10. Soil, Water, and Integrated Nutrient Management:

  1. Classification of soils.
  2. Soils of India and Chhattisgarh.
  3. Physical properties of soil.
  4. Land Capability Classification.
  5. Water requirement of different crops.
  6. Irrigation scheduling & management.
  7. Irrigation methods.
  8. Drainage.
  9. Fertilizers, Bio-fertilizers, compost for crop production.
  10. Green manuring.
  11. Reclamation of problem soils.
  12. Soil ameliorants.

CG ADA Exam 2023 - Syllabus in Hindi / CG ADA 2023 पाठ्यक्रम है

भाग-1 छत्तीसगढ़ का सामान्य ज्ञान:

  1. छत्तीसगढ़ का इतिहास और छत्तीसगढ़ के स्वतंत्रता संग्राम में योगदान।
  2. छत्तीसगढ़ का भूगोल, जल, खनिज संसाधन, जलवायु और भौतिक स्थितियाँ।
  3. छत्तीसगढ़ की साहित्य, संगीत, नृत्य, कला और संस्कृति।
  4. छत्तीसगढ़ की जनजातियाँ, बोली, तीज और त्योहार।
  5. छत्तीसगढ़ की अर्थव्यवस्था, वन और कृषि।
  6. छत्तीसगढ़ का प्रशासनिक संरचना, स्थानीय सरकार और पंचायती राज।
  7. छत्तीसगढ़ में मानव संसाधन और ऊर्जा संसाधन।
  8. छत्तीसगढ़ में शिक्षा, स्वास्थ्य और समकालीन घटनाएं।

भाग-2 कृषि:

1. फसल उत्पादन और प्रबंधन के सिद्धांत (Principles of Crop Production & Management):

  1. भारत के कृषि पारिस्थितिकी क्षेत्र और उनका फसल विकास के साथ संबंध।
  2. फसल उत्पादन के सिद्धांत।
  3. मृदा-पादप-जल संबंध की परिकल्पना।
  4. उपज और पर्यावरणीय दबाव।
  5. फसल प्रणाली और उसका महत्व।
  6. एकीकृत कृषि प्रणाली, जैविक खेती, संसाधन संरक्षण प्रौद्योगिकी, जुताई, सूखा/वर्षा आधारित खेती की अवधारणा।
  7. मिट्टी की उर्वरता और उत्पादकता, आवश्यक पौध पोषक तत्व, उनकी भूमिका और प्रबंधन।
  8. मृदा-जल संबंध, मृदा और जल प्रबंधन।
  9. खरपतवार जीव विज्ञान और पारिस्थितिकी, फसल खरपतवार प्रतियोगिता, एकीकृत खरपतवार नियंत्रण के सिद्धांत और विधियाँ।
  10. फसल विविधीकरण: संकल्पना, उसका महत्व और अनुप्रयोग, फसल अवशेष प्रबंधन।

2. प्रमुख फसलों का शस्य विज्ञान (Agronomy of Major Crops):

  1. फसलों का वर्गीकरण, उन्नत प्रजातियाँ, अनुकूलता, जलवायु, मृदा, जल और शस्य क्रियाएं रख-रखाव।

3. चारा विज्ञान और कृषि वानिकी (Agrostology and Agro-Forestry):

  1. घास भूमि और चारा प्रबंधन के सिद्धांत।
  2. कृषि वानिकी का महत्व।
  3. कृषि-वानिकी प्रणाली, कृषि-वानिकी विज्ञान, वानिकी चारागाह, कृषि-वानिकी - चारा विज्ञान, कृषि-उद्यानिकी शास्त्र, जल-वनसंरक्षण, गली फसल और ऊर्जा वृक्षारोपण, कृषि और कृषि चारा प्रणाली में फसल उत्पादन तकनीक, बंजर भूमि विकास।

4. उद्यानिकी फसलों का उत्पादन और प्रबंधन (Production and Management of Horticulture Crops):

  1. उद्यानिकी फसलों का वर्गीकरण, फल, सब्जी, कंद, औषधीय और सुगंधित पौधों, फलों, मसालों के उन्नत प्रजातियाँ, अनुकूलता, जलवायु, मृदा, जल और शस्य आवश्यकताएं, पोषक तत्व, गुणवत्ता के घटक, उत्पाद का प्रसंस्करण और रखरखाव, संरक्षित खेती, फल और सब्जियों का संरक्षण।

5. फसल सुरक्षा (Crop Protection):

  1. सामान्य जीव विज्ञान, आर्थिक रूप से महत्वपूर्ण कीटों के आदत और वास।
  2. कीट आकृति विज्ञान।
  3. फसल कीटों और खरपतवारों का जैविक नियंत्रण, पादप विषाणुओं के कीट संवाहक।
  4. कीट नियंत्रण उपकरण और कीटनाशक।
  5. कीट प्रकोप और आक्रमण की भविष्यवाणी/पूर्वानुमान।
  6. कीट और बीमारी की निगरानी।

6. कृषि उन्नयन (Crop Improvement):

  1. आनुवंशिकी और कोशिका आनुवंशिका के सिद्धांत।
  2. स्व और पर-परागित फसलों की प्रजनन विधियाँ।
  3. स्व असंगति और पुरुष बांझपन और उनका व्यावसायिक अधिशोषण (उपयोग)।
  4. संकर ओज प्रजनन विधि।
  5. फसल सुधार के लिए जैव प्रौद्योगिकी, उत्पादन और प्रतिरोध के संदर्भ में फसल विकास की प्रमुख उपलब्धियाँ।

7. कृषि यंत्रीकरण, खाद्य प्रसंस्करण, पश्चात् प्रबंधन और मूल्य संवर्धन (Agricultural Mechanization, Food Processing, Post Harvest Management, and Value Addition):

  1. कृषि और उद्यानिकी फसलों के लिए जुताई, बुवाई, कर्षक और कटाई के लिए यंत्र।
  2. संरक्षित कृषि के लिए यंत्र।
  3. प्रसंस्करण और पोस्ट हार्वेस्ट यंत्र।
  4. कृषि/उद्यानिकी फसल उत्पादन हेतु भण्डारण संरचनाएं।

8. कृषि प्रसार (Agricultural Extension):

  1. कृषि प्रसार के सिद्धांत।
  2. भारतीय कृषि में अग्रणी प्रसार, प्रयास और उनका प्रभाव।
  3. गरीबी उन्मूलन और रोजगार सृजन कार्यक्रम।
  4. कृषि विस्तार के उपकरण प्रौद्योगिकी विकास और हस्तांतरण के लिए भागीदारी के तरीके।
  5. बाजार निर्धारित प्रसार प्रबंधन।
  6. कृषि प्रसार में संचार और सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी का उपयोग।

9. कृषि अर्थशास्त्र (Agricultural Economics):

  1. कृषि उत्पादन अर्थशास्त्र और उत्पादन प्रक्रियाएं।
  2. कृषि विपणन की अवधारणाएं।
  3. कृषि उत्पादों की विशेषताएं और कृषि विपणन में समस्याएं, विपणन सहकारी समितियाँ, विनियमित बाजार, प्रत्यक्ष विपणन, अनुबंध खेती और खुदरा आपूर्ति श्रृंखला प्रबंधन, कृषि वित्त की भूमिका और महत्व, कृषि ऋण-प्रत्यक्ष और अप्रत्यक्ष वित्त पोषण, वित्त पोषण संस्थाएं।

10. मृदा, जल और एकीकृत पोषण प्रबंधन (Soil, Water, and Integrated Nutrient Management):

  1. मृदा का वर्गीकरण।
  2. भारत और छत्तीसगढ़ की मृदा।
  3. मृदा के भौतिक गुण, भूमि क्षमता वर्गीकरण, विभिन्न फसलों की जल मांग।
  4. सिंचाई अनुसूचिकरण और प्रबंधन।
  5. सिंचाई की विधियाँ।
  6. उर्वरक, जैव उर्वरक, कम्पोस्ट खाद के उपयोग, समस्याग्रस्त मृदा का पुनर्ग्रहण, मृदा सुधारकों के नाम।

Online Classes for CG ADA Exam

  • AgriKO Course for CG ADA Exam (Click here)

Online Test Series for CG ADA Exam 

  • AgriTest for CG ADA Exam (Click here)

Best Books  for CG ADA Exam

  • "CGk Book"-Chhattisgarh General Knowledge by R. Maitry, Ex-Scientist, ICAR  (Click here)
  • "AgriKo Book"-Agriculture Knowledge by R Maitry, Ex-Scientist, ICAR  (Click here)
  • "AgriO Book"-Objective Agriculture by R Maitry, Ex-Scientist, ICAR (Click here)

Previous year question papers for CG ADA Exam

  • CG ADA Exam 2020 (Click here)
  • CG ADA Exam 2012 (Click here)

CG AFVO Exam 2023

CG AVFO Exam - Assistant Veterinary Field Officers (AVFO)

About CG AVFO Exam - Assistant Veterinary Field Officers (AVFO):

  • CG AVFO exam is a competitive examination conducted by the Chhattisgarh Professional Examination Board (CGPEB) for the recruitment of Assistant Veterinary Field Officers (AVFO) in the Animal Husbandry Department of Chhattisgarh.
  • CG AVFO exam is open to candidates who have a Bachelor’s degree in Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry from a recognized university and are registered with the Veterinary Council of India or the State Veterinary Council.
  • CG AVFO exam is held in one stage: a written examination.
  • The written examination consists of 150 objective type questions of 1 mark each. 
  • The duration of the exam is 3 hours
  • There is no negative marking for wrong answers.

(Source link: CGVyapam website)

CG AVFO Exam Pattern:

  • CG AVFO exam pattern is as follows:
  • Written Examination: The written examination consists of 150 objective type questions of 1 mark each. 
  • The questions are divided into three sections: 
  • Basic Animal Science and Extension Practices (20 questions), 
  • Housing, Breeding, Nutrition and Management Practices of Livestock and Poultry (40 questions), and 
  • Veterinary Science (90 questions). 
  • The duration of the exam is 3 hours. 
  • There is no negative marking for wrong answers.

(Source link: CGVyapam website)

CG AVFO Syllabus 

  • CG AVFO Syllabus (Click here)

Online Classes for CG AVFO Exam

  • VetGo Course for CG AVFO Exam (Click here)

Online Test Series for CG AVFO Exam 

  • VetTest for CG AVFO Exam (Click here)

Best Books  for CG AVFO Exam

  • VetGo Book for CG AVFO Exam (Click here)

Previous years question papers for CG AVFO Exam (Click here)

  • CG AVFO Exam 2012 (Click here)
  • CG AVFO Exam 2017 (Click here)
  • CG AVFO Exam 2016 (Click here)
  • CG AVFO Exam 2017 (Click here)
  • CG AVFO Exam 2013 (Click here)

Syllabus for recruitment of Assistant Field Veterinary Officers:

Basic Animal Science and extension practices (No. of Questions - 20)

  1. Anatomy and physiology of various vital systems of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, pig, horse, and poultry; introduction to major endocrine glands.
  2. Principles and objectives of animal husbandry extension
  3. Extension teaching methods.
  4. Differences in livestock production practices; duties of extension workers.
  5. Transfer of important animal husbandry techniques to farmers.
  6. Government-sponsored schemes for livestock development.
  7. Statistics and data collection in animal husbandry.
  8. Opportunities in the livestock and poultry sector within India and Chhattisgarh State.

Housing, Breeding, Nutrition, and Management Practices of Livestock and Poultry (No. of Questions - 40):

  • Dentition and Aging in animals, Animal identification methods.
  • Systems of rearing livestock: Water requirement of animals, Housing management of different livestock.
  • Restraint of animals and care during the transport of animals.
  • Management practices of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, pig, horse, and poultry.
  • Record keeping and day-to-day farm activities.
  • Pasture management and forage production.
  • Major breeds of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, and pig in India; Exotic and crossbred cattle.
  • Selection of animals and poultry for breeding.
  • Principles and practices of Animal breeding: Cross-breeding and Selective breeding.
  • Importance of Conservation of Indian breeds of livestock, namely Gir, Sahiwal, Tharparkar, etc., for breeding.
  • Economic traits of different livestock.
  • Genetic defects of livestock and poultry.
  • Livestock Breeding Policy of Chhattisgarh State.
  • Common systems of Rearing poultry.
  • Commonly used poultry farm tools and equipment.
  • Housing and feeding management: layers and broiler chickens at different age groups, poultry feed ingredients and quality controls.
  • Requirement of premix in feed.
  • Hatchery management: Care of hatching eggs, hygiene and maintenance of egg incubators and hatcher, the importance of optimum humidity, temperature, and turning, development of chick embryo in the egg, chick grading and scoring, care of day-old chicks.
  • Vaccination schedule for broilers and layers, use of growth promoters, deworming, and debeaking.
  • Medicines are administered through feed and water.
  • Sample collection for the diagnosis of important poultry diseases.
  • Quail, Turkey, and Duck breeds and their management.
  • Livestock feeding practices in Chhattisgarh State and India.
  • Various nutrients and ingredients of livestock and poultry feeds.
  • Balanced ration and its importance in animal nutrition, Balance ration, and feed compounding.
  • Use of agro-industrial by-products as feeds.
  • Preservation of green fodder: Silage making, Haymaking.
  • Feed additives and enrichment of dry fodder.
  • Common Property Resources: Importance of pasture and grazing land.
  • Feeding management of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats, and pigs at various physiological stages.
  • Important nutrient deficiency diseases and their management.
  • Abattoirs, handling, and transport of meat animals and broiler chickens.
  • Slaughtering and dressing of carcasses.
  • Management of organic wastes.
  • Composition and nutritive value of meat and eggs.
  • Structure and quality of wool.

Reproduction, Surgical, Jurisprudence, and Health Management practices (No. of Questions - 40):

  • Basic structure and function of reproductive organs.
  • Puberty and sexual maturity of male and female animals.
  • Gestation periods in different species of livestock.
  • Estrus cycle in domestic animals, signs of heat.
  • Introduction to infertility, Common causes of infertility in male and female livestock.
  • Insemination methods. 
  • Frozen semen straws and handling procedures.
  • Liquid Nitrogen (LN2) containers and their maintenance. 
  • Insemination equipment and their sterilization and maintenance.
  • Service period, days open, and inter-calving period. 
  • Management of animals after insemination.
  • Methods of pregnancy diagnosis.
  • Parturition and difficulties in parturition. 
  • Management of parturient complications.
  • Types of surgical knots. 
  • Instrument sterilization and surgical practice, sepsis, and asepsis.
  • Dressing of superficial surgical ailments (abscess, sinus, fistula, wound, burns, tumors, and hoof injuries).
  • Types of wounds and their management. 
  • First aid in fractures, bloat, dislocation, wounds, abscess, and post-operative care and management.
  • Application and uses of various antiseptics, lotions, ointments, tincture iodine, and fluid therapy management.
  • Meat and milk hygiene in relation to public health.
  • Strategies of prevention, control, and eradication of diseases. 
  • Socio-economic impact of zoonotic diseases on rural and urban communities.
  • Disposal of clinical wastes.
  • First aid measures and study of important features of major infectious diseases of livestock and poultry. The basis for classification of diseases: etiology, transmission and spread, nature and course (primary, secondary, and terminal disease).
  • Vaccines and Vaccination procedures: Types of vaccines available for different livestock, dosage, site, and route of drug administration; vaccination schedule for different diseases; Do's and Don'ts in vaccination; General considerations about storage and transport of vaccines. Vaccination registers.
  • Common poisoning and toxicity in farm animals.
  • Prevention and control of common ecto and endoparasites: Deticking - Deworming procedures; Publicity on the importance of vaccination and deworming.
  • Management of sick animals; Carcass disposal and biosafety measures.
  • Registration of cases in Veterinary Hospitals, recording of history and symptoms of diseased animals. Reporting and follow-up of cases of accidents, wounds, and poisoning to Veterinary Dispensaries.
  • Management of animals in disease outbreaks. 
  • Methods of sample collection and dispatch to the diagnostic lab for rapid diagnosis.
  • Veterinary hospital management and keeping and maintenance of hospital records.
  • Basic necropsy techniques, disposal of dead animals, and management of biomedical waste.
  • Elementary veterinary jurisprudence and animal welfare in India. 
  • Veterinary Council Act, 1984, and Minor Veterinary Service, Prevention of Cruelty Act, CPCSEA.
(Source link: CGVyapam website


CG RHEO Exam 2023

 About CG RHEO Exam 

  • The CG RHEO exam is highly anticipated by horticulture graduates in Chhattisgarh.
  • The exam aims to select candidates for the position of Rural Horticulture Extension Officer in Chhattisgarh.
  • The CG RHEO exam is organized by Chhattisgarh Professional Examination Board (CGPEB), also known as Chhattisgarh Vyapam.
  • It covers subjects like Horticulture, Agriculture, and General Knowledge and consists of multiple-choice questions.
  • Eligible candidates can submit their applications for the RHEO exam through the official website of CGPEB.

CG RHEO Exam Pattern

  • Exam format: Multiple-choice questions (MCQs)
  • Total marks: 200
  • Exam duration: 3 hours
  • Number of questions: 200
  • Negative marking: There is negative marking for each wrong answer.

CG RHEO Syllabus

Unit 2: General Agriculture & Horticulture (10 Marks)

  • General Scenario of Agriculture & Horticulture in India & Chhattisgarh: Production and productivity of important horticulture & agriculture crops in India & Chhattisgarh. Name of ICAR institutions for Agriculture, Horticulture, and Agricultural Engineering, their abbreviations, and locations. Name of state Agriculture & Horticulture Universities and their locations.

Unit 2: Post Harvest Technology (20 Marks)

  • Principles of fruit & vegetable preservation, processing, value addition, and post-harvest management of horticultural crops (fruits, vegetables, flower crops).
  • Crop drying: basic concepts, types, terminology, dryers - types and working, cleaning and grading of fruits, vegetables, and suitable equipment.
  • Storage of agricultural and horticultural crops, storage structures.

Unit 3: Protected Horticulture (25 Marks)

  • Protected cultivation of horticultural crops and their management.
  • Greenhouse application: types, design criteria, equipment, and systems for greenhouse.

Unit 4: Soil and Irrigation Management (25 Marks)

  • Soils and their types, the role of soil analysis in crop production.
  • Surveying: types, methods, and procedures, equipment.
  • Soil erosion types and control measures.
  • Methods of irrigation and drainage in crop production.
  • Irrigation management, weed management, fertility management in horticulture crops.
  • Irrigation: basic concepts, methods, water lifting devices, irrigation-water measurement methods, and instruments.

Unit 5: Crop Improvement (30 Marks)

  • Role of biotechnology and tissue culture in crop improvement.
  • Plant breeding and its role in agriculture, hybridization, and selection in crop plants, use of male sterility and self-incompatibility in crop improvement programs. Use of transgenic technology in agriculture.
  • Breeding of fruits, vegetables, tubers, spices, and condiments, and flower crops with the use of biotechnology in improving horticultural crops.
  • Seed production of vegetables, tubers, spices, and flower crops.

Unit 6: Crop Protection (25 Marks)

  • Importance of pathogenic organisms, types of plant diseases, their management, and methods of fungicide application.
  • Integrated pest management in major insect pests of field crops such as cereals, pulses, and oilseed crops.
  • Weed management in economically important field crops, including integrated approaches to weed management in crops.
  • Insect pest management and IPM practices in horticultural crops, as well as disease management and physiological disorders in horticultural crops.
  • Utilization, repair, and maintenance of intercultural and plant protection equipment.

Unit 7: Field and Horticultural Crop Production (30 Marks)

  • Scope and importance of agriculture, elements of crop production, and the crop revolution in India.
  • Scope and importance of agronomy, crop classification, nutrient management, and cropping systems.
  • Agro-techniques for the production of Kharif and Rabi crops.
  • Importance of horticultural crops, including their classification, area, and production. Nursery management and propagation of horticultural crops. Planning, layout, and management of orchards. Systems of planting, types of vegetable farming, types, and styles of gardens, landscaping, trimming, and pruning. Use of growth regulators in horticultural crops.
  • Cropping systems, intercropping, multi-tier cropping, peri-urban horticulture, agroforestry systems, fruitfulness, and unfruitfulness. Rejuvenation of old orchards. Production technology of fruits, vegetables, tubers, spices & condiments, and ornamental & flower crops. Mulching and staking.
  • Apiculture, Lac culture, sericulture, and mushroom culture.

Unit 8: Agricultural Engineering (25 Marks)

  • Farm power sources. I.C. Engines: types, working principle, constructional details, engine terminology, different systems of I.C. Engines.
  • Tractors: types, selection, cost calculation, different systems, Power tiller, and its attachments.
  • Tillage: concept, types, tillage implements, constructional details, machines and implements for sowing, planting, transplanting, harvesting, threshing, and land development equipment.
  • Electric motors: types, construction, and performance comparison.

Unit 9: Renewable Energy Sources(10 Marks)

  • Basic energy concepts, energy sources, classification, solar energy, energy from biomass, wind energy, biofuel, and other non-renewable energy sources. Different types of equipment and gadgets of nonconventional energy, their types, working, etc.

Online Classes for CG RHEO Exam

  • HortiGo Course for CG RHEO Exam (Click here)

Online Test Series for CG RHEO Exam 

  • HortiTest for CG RHEO Exam (Click here)

Best Books  for CG RHEO Exam

  • HortiGo Book for CG RHEO Exam (Click here)

Previous year question papers for CG RHEO Exam

  • CG RHEO Exam 2012 (Click here)
  • CG RHEO Exam 2017 (Click here)
  • CG RHEO Exam 2016 (Click here)
  • CG RHEO Exam 2017 (Click here)
  • CG RHEO Exam 2013 (Click here)

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