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Cultivation of Wheat -for All Agriculture Exams IBPS AFO, ADO, RAEO, JRF, SRF, CUET EXAM

This exam facts are from famous book: Handbook of Agriculture published by I C A R

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Classification of wheat

  • In India, only 3 species of wheat are economically important. (This is asked in IBPS Agriculture Field Officer Exam 2018)
  • (i) Triticum aestivum(common bread wheat) contributes 87 % of wheat production.(This is asked in M P Agriculture Development Officer Exam 2020)
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  • (ii) Triticum durum(macaroni or durum wheat) contributes 12 % of wheat production.
  • (iii) Triticum dicoccum(emmer or dicoccum wheat) contributes 1 % of wheat production.
  • Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) is a hexaploid (2n = 6x = 42) species (This is asked in ICAR J R F 2019)
  • Bread wheat (Mexican dwarf) was introduced in India by Dr N. E. Borlaug from CIMMYT, Mexico.(This is asked in ICAR J R F 2018)
  • Durum wheat (Triticum durum) is a tetraploid (2n = 4x = 28) species.
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  • Durum wheat is grown only in Central and South India. (This is asked in ICAR S R F 2022)
  • Durum wheat is best suited for noodles, vermicelli.
  • Emmer or Dicoccum wheat (Triticum dicoccum) is a tetraploid (2n = 4x = 28) species. (This is asked in CUET PRE P G 2022)
  • Emmer or Dicoccum wheat is good for the South Indian dish ‘Upma’.
  • Indian dwarf wheat (Triticum spherococcum) has practically gone out of cultivation due to low productivity. (This is asked in ICAR J R F 2020)


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