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Biotechnology for JRF SRF NET

  • The term “Biotechnology" was first coined in 1919 by Karl Ereky which means products are produced from raw materials with the aid of living organisms. 
  • Biotechnology is NOT new. Man has been manipulating living things to solve problems and improve his way of life for millennia. 
  • Plants and animals were selectively bred and microorganisms were used to make food items such as beverages, cheese and bread. T
  • he late eighteenth century and the beginning of the nineteenth century saw the advent of vaccinations, crop rotation involving leguminous crops and animal drawn machinery. The end of the nineteenth century was a milestone of biology.
  •  Microorganisms were discovered, Mendel's work on genetics was accomplished and institutes for investigating fermentation and other microbial processes were established by Koch, Pasteur and Lister.

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